All about Hungary: Turkish words in the Hungarian language

Turkish words in the Hungarian language

Posted on Dec 31, 2012| | | 10 comments:
Hungarians were in contact with Turkish groups during some thousands of years, they had always relation in the period of the migration. Later on, the Turkish Empire has expanded until the Hungarian border and finally has occupied the half of the country and Turkish have stayed for 150 years in the medieval ages. Hence are a lot of Turkish words in the Hungarian language, however the two languages have different origins !
Apple Alma Elma
Mother Anya Anne
Harvesting Arat Hasat
Barley Àrpa Arpa
Midwife Bàba Bebek
Pocket-knife Bicska Biçak (knife in Turkish)
Mug Bögre Kupa (old word for Mug : Kupa)
Wheat Bùza Buğday
Pocket-knife Csakli (old word of Bicska) Çaki
Silver Ezüst Gümüş (similar sound)
Cotton (as Plant) Gyapot Pamuk (means Cotton as material in Hungarian : Pamut)
Butcher Hentes Kasap (old word for Butcher : Kaszap)
Stove Kàlyha Soba (means Room i Hungarian : Szoba)
Gate/Door Kapu (only Gate) Kapi (Gate & Door)
Cauliflower Karfiol Karnabahar
Goat Kecske Keçi
Hemp Kender Kenevir
Wheel / Wheel Kind Kerék / Kerekes Tekerlekli / Tekerlek (means Twisting, Winding, Rolling in Hungarian : Tekerni)
Small Kicsi Küçük
Ram Kos Koç
Flax Len Keten
Monkey Majom Maymun
(To) There Oda Orada
Lion Oroszlàn Aslan
Lash Ostor Kirbaç (means Whip in Hungarian : Korbàcs)
Ox Ökör Öküz
Killing Ölni - Öldöklés Öldürmek - Öldürme
Eggplant Padlizsàn Patlican
Bean Paszuly (old word for Bab) Fasulye
Pàsztor Çoban (ancien family name in Hungarian : Csobàn)
Yellow Sàrga Sari
Abricot Sàrgabarack Kayisi (means a kind of Peach in Hungarian : Kajszi)
Beard Szakàll Sakal
Tent Sàtor Çadir
Broom Seprû / Seperni Süpürge
Pruduction Termelés Üretim (similar to Szüret means Gathering, Vintage in Hungarian)
Camel Teve Deve
Pumpkin Tök Kabak (Peponiums - a type of fruit like the Pumpkin in Hungarian : Kabak)
Hen Tyùk Tavuk
Kettle Üst / Bogràcs Kazan (means Boiler in Hungarian : Kazàn)
Sunday Vasàrnap (means Market day) Pazar (means Rich : Pazar & means Market : Bazàr - Vàsàr in Hungarian)
Pocket Zseb Cep
Certainly there are much more words. I was looking for them by Google Traduction which has a limit, however do not hesitate to look for more. If you find some words, drop me a line in a comment here below !


  1. A stunning similarity : Zsebemben sok kicsi alma van. (Hungarian) Cebimde çok küçük elma var. (Turkish) There are many little apples in my pocket.
    I can mention you also another reason: Cumans (Kunok in Hungarian, Kipçak or Kumanlar in Turkish) a turkic tribe was settled down in Hungary by the Hungarian Kings in the middle ages after and during the Mongol onslaught. Before them many others lived or found refuge in Hungary like the petchenegs, avars.

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  3. By the way, in Turkish language, 'father' is 'ata' or 'baba'. In Hungarian, 'father' is 'apa' or 'atya', and in Old Hungarian, 'aba'.

  4. Cé Té:
    FYI, "damned idiot" is not a scientific argument.
    The Finno-Ugric stems come from several thousand years, ancient and fading, still from the Ural region, related to basic things like "blood", "hand", '"eye", "to go", "fish".
    The Turk words are "just" 500 - 1000 years old. Still the structure of Hungarian language (agglutination) has more common features with Finnish (and Estonian) than with the Turkish.

  5. "Kecske" is probably Finno-Ugric word. In Estonian "goat" is "kits". "Len" is Slavic loanword.

  6. My opinion has been changed since that comment. Now I think that Hungarians were a PURE Turkic nation, which gave words to "Uralic" (but not really related), so to different tribes. This makes sense, Finno-Ugrism doesn't.

  7. I think both languages have taken these words from the Hunnic langiage.

  8. Wow, all of these words sound very similarly in kazakh


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